Types of Compulsory Feed given to Chicken
Factors that participate determine the success in breeding one of them is the feed. Because feed greatly affects chicken production rate. In addition, the proper nutritious feed will make our chick fat, healthy and strong. Especially in breeding chicken pieces, chicken body weight becomes the most important thing in determining the success of sales.
Actually, there are many variants of chicken feed besides bran and pellets, this can be for all types of chicken. We can buy it in poultry feeders wholesale or even mix it ourselves to reduce production costs. By utilizing the materials – materials that are available in the environment.
The type of compulsory feed you have to give
Rice bran is obtained from the processed wastes of rice into rice. Bran is the most popular type of feed. The bran contains a high source of energy and amino acids. Therefore we should limit the provision of bran to young chickens. Because in the bran contained about 11-12% crude fiber that is difficult to digest by the chicken. Bran contains lots of fat if stored too long can clot and smell rancid.
There are rough and smooth bran, better choose the smooth because of high protein content and low coarse fiber. It is actually coarse and subtle depending on how much the mixture is. But if we buy in stores are usually in the form of smooth, contain lots of protein and vitamin B. Good quality of bran is measured from its density, by pressing it on the grip. After the tight grip, we lose and bran attached to dense one another means good quality. Conversely, if after we release the bran directly bloom and do not stick to each other means the quality is bad because it contains a lot of chaff.
Pollard or commonly called wheat bran is derived from processed wheat waste into wheat flour. It contains 15% protein, its fat content is about 3 – 4% and its crude fiber content is about 7-9%. The use of Pollard should be limited, although the metabolic energy content of about 1700 kcal/kg is low, the abusive fiber pollard content can make the chicken diarrhea.
Corn is also the choice of many chicken keepers. Because the nutritional content is quite high and also contains carbohydrates as an energy source. There are 3 types of maize are famous, namely: yellow corn, red corn, and white corn. But yellow corn is the best, although it is expensive the nutritional content is greatest. In addition to carbohydrates, yellow corn also contains many pro-vitamin A. The coarse grains contained low, so easily digested and tastes too delicious (palatable).
Because the price is quite expensive, use as a mixture of about 20-40% of the total feed. If you want to use red or white corn better we add with vitamin A supplement feed. If it is difficult to obtain corn, we can replace with Sorghum because the nutritional value is almost the same. Just do not give too much, because sorghum digest value is low and does not contain pro-vitamin A and it tastes less good.
Although the energy content of metabolic almost the same as corn, the protein content is low only round 2 – 3% only. In addition, the use of cassava we need to limit. Because cassava contains cyanogenic glucoside antinutrients. Particularly at most on the type of bitter cassava. So, if you want to use cassava we better drying first. It aims to eliminate the nutrient substance content. The use of cassava should be less than 20% of the total ration because excessive use can cause wet feces.